Acne usually occurs during adolescence and persists into adulthood. It is a long term skin condition that occurs due to clogged pores and hair follicles. This large, inflamed pores imposes an array of problems to the skin’s overall health. Excess sebum, dead skin cells begin to fill to the brim of the pores, forming various sorts of acne. The more common features of acne include blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and fungal acne etc.
You can usually spot acne in highly oily areas with high density of oil glands, such as the face, chest and back. Sometimes, these trouble spots tend to be itchy and irritated, which would lead to picking and scratching of these affected areas. Those who didn’t know any better and picked at the pimples often times leads to acne scarring as the wound did not have sufficient time to heal. The tedious cycle of picking scabs and reforming of scabs hinders the proper healing process resulting in acne scarring.
Though it is worth nothing that scarring is a common outcome of trauma to the skin. Even if you did not pick at your pimples, severe acne such as hormonal acne which leads to deep, chronic inflammation is incredibly damaging to the skin and increases the risk of scarring.
Regardless of where the acne scars originated from, let us explore acne scar treatments to understand how to get rid of acne scars.
How Do You Get Rid of Acne Scars?
In order to figure out potential acne scar treatment, it is important to identify the underlying causes. Susceptibility for acne is largely hereditary. Meaning, if there seems to be a pedigree of chronic, hormonal acne that runs in your family, you are more likely to get acne than the average person. There are also other reasons for acne, such as poor diet, lack of sleep, a generally unhealthy lifestyle and external skin aggressors. Sometimes, acne is also caused by a combination of all these factors.
Facial scars have a strong correlation to period of inflammation - the longer your skin is inflamed, the more bacteria it harbours and the deeper the inflamation. This increases the probability of a scar developing after healing. Therefore, it is quintessential to source for acne scar treatment.
There are some additional steps you can add to your skincare routine to aid in your acne scar healing journey. Exfoliation, proper sunscreen usage and, addition of a retinol or other active ingredients would definitely help reduce acne scarring.
What Products Gets Rid of Acne Scars?
Treatment of acne scars at home is possible through some tweaks to your skincare routine. Exfoliation is key for acne scar treatment, especially facial scars. The dead skin cells that accumulate can be gently exfoliated away using an alpha or beta hydroxy acid. An alpha hydroxy acid is something like glycolic acid, which has a smaller molecular size and can penetrate the skin deeper to loosen dead skin cells. A beta hydroxy acid such as salicylic acid has a bigger molecular size and thus does not aggravate the skin as compare to an alpha hydroxy acid.
We would recommend starting 2 times a week and gradually work up as your skin’s tolerance increases. Exfoliation would gently buff away the dead skin cells and thus leverage your skin’s texture and the indentations from scarring.
Retinols, Vitamin C and Alpha Arbutin are all great products for acne scars treatment.
Is Vitamin C Good for Acne Scar Treatment?
The array of benefits reaped from Vitamin C are not limited to treatment of acne scars. It promotes collagen production by activating the transcription of collagen synthesis. It also acts as a depigmenting agent and inhibits action of enzyme tyrosinase which is key in melanin formation and responsible for hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin C is incredibly good for acne scars treatment because of its anti-inflammatory action. It is responsible for the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are crucial signalling molecules to trigger the immune response. Hence, Vitamin C promotes wound healing and prevents post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Are Acne Scars Permanent?
Acne scars are usually permanent, so treatment of acne scars at home are crucial in preventing further damage to your skin. Though the common question is how to get rid of acne scars, prevention is always better than treatment.
The key factor to treating acne scars is in prevention. The acne scars correlate to period of inflammation, therefore it is important to address the inflammation before it becomes a scar. Reduce picking and squeezing pimples if possible. You can put a pimple patch to protect the pimple for external aggressors. Treatment for acne scars should be done as soon as possible.
What’s the Best Acne Scar Treatment?
The best treatment of acne scars at home is using a retinol and Vitamin C. For deep acne scars that might need a little extra help, Skinade Clear helps take care of your skin from within. This internal skincare product removes blemishes to reveal healthy, clear skin. It works by delivering essential nutrients to the skin. Hence, it's a perfect solution for those looking how to get rid of acne scars.
Another fool proof acne scar treatment is to incorporate active ingredients such as a retinol or Vitamin C. Retinol needs no introduction to its anti-aging abilities, but because it increases cell turnover rate, skin regenerates faster and pushes the deep acne scars to the surface. This is key in treating acne scars - while exfoliation buffs away dead skin cells, retinol would help regenerate the skin from inside and out. Hence why dermatologists prescribe tretinoin to be ingested orally for patients with severe acne.
All of these efforts made for acne scar treatment would simply go to vain if you did not follow up with a good sunscreen. Dermaceutic’s K Ceutic SPF 50 cream features a combination of organic and mineral filters to provide protection against UVA and UVB rays.
Another option would be the Heliocare 360 Water Gel SPF50 which is a water resistant sunscreen with minimal fragrance suitable for sensitive skin.
Acne scar treatment should be done gradually over a period of time.
How Can I Lighten My Scars?
Facial scars and hyperpigmentation can be lightened by using Vitamin C. Alpha arbutin is also a great ingredient that would help lighten hyperpigmentation. It helps to block the epidermal melanin biosynthesis by inhibiting Tyrosine activity, which is an enzyme responsible for melanin (hyperpigmentation).