Why Superoxide Dismutase Is Important in Skincare

What is Superoxide Dismutase?

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme naturally produced in the body that has potent antioxidant properties. Found in all living cells, the superoxide dismutase enzyme plays a crucial role in preventing the visible signs of aging. There are different forms of SOD, including copper and zinc superoxide dismutase.

For this reason, it neutralises the effects of the superoxide, a highly destructive free radical by converting it into hydrogen peroxide. Resultantly, SOD makes it easier to remove the damaging free radicals as other antioxidants finish the job that superoxide dismutase started.

Because superoxide radicals have an extra oxygen molecule, they can wreak havoc on your skin by inflicting cellular, amino acid and DNA damage. Therefore, this can result in your skin becoming dehydrated, saggy and dull. However, as you will see, superoxide dismutase is an extremely powerful antioxidant that fights oxidation.

What Are the Functions of Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase?

SOD is often linked to catalase. This is because both are enzymes that protect against free radical attacks. However, the main different is that SOD targets the free radical superoxide, whereas catalase targets hydrogen peroxide.

Furthermore, the pair are linked as SOD converts superoxide to hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, the hydrogen peroxide is then detoxified to oxygen and water by catalase.

Superoxide Dismutase skincare

Anti-Aging, Free Radicals and SOD

Exposure to free radicals is damaging your skin. They’re all around you and they’re one of the main reasons why your skin is aging faster. If you want to learn more on how to reduce those pesky fine lines and wrinkles, then keep on reading.

You’ll find out what free radicals are, how antioxidants prevent skin aging, and why superoxide dismutase products are beneficial for your skin.

What Are Free Radicals and How Do They Cause Aging?

Although your skin naturally ages, external factors play a huge role in skin aging. UV rays, air pollutants and tobacco smoke are just some of the factors that damage your skin and cause premature aging. What’s more, radiation-induced skin in particular is prone to aging. But how?

The answer – free radicals. Here are the damaging effects that free radicals have on your skin:

  • Causes sagging skin as a result of the breaking down of collagen proteins
  • Triggers fine lines and wrinkles by causing damage to DNA
  • They increase uneven skin texture by breaking down cell structure
  • Causes dull and dry skin by damaging the skin barrier

Some antioxidants like vitamin A, C and E are particularly prominent in certain foods. If you want a diet rich in antioxidants, then be sure to have fruits and vegetables, nuts and green tea.

Although, some antioxidants are naturally produced in the body, including alpha-lipoic acid, glutathione and superoxide dismutase. However, due to modern lifestyles it is often difficult to ingest the right diet to keep antioxidant levels at an optimum level.

Superoxide Dismutase Antioxidants

Is Superoxide Dismutase Good For Skin?

As you now know, antioxidants are extremely beneficial for the skin. So what’s so good about superoxide dismutase?

The antioxidant enzyme has strong anti-aging effects on the skin. Furthermore, tt breaks down damaging free radicals to help keep your cells healthy.

Healthy cells mean healthy skin, and by converting the highly destructive free radical, superoxide, it acts as a potent antioxidant that keeps your skin looking younger.

The enzyme plays a huge role in preventing oxidation in the body. It is the first line of defence against oxidative stress and helps maintain your collagen and elastin content. It therefore has incredible anti-aging benefits for the skin including:

  • Reducing skin sagging
  • Preventing fine lines and wrinkles
  • Treating dark spots

What Foods Have Superoxide Dismutase?

As well as receiving its benefits from skincare, superoxide dismutase is also available from many fresh foods. The top 10 foods containing SOD are:

  • Cabbage
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Broccoli
  • Wheat Grass
  • Barley Grass
  • Peas
  • Mustard Leaves
  • Tomatoes
  • Spinach
  • Honeydew Melon

However, it can be difficult for our bodies to properly absorb SOD from foods. Therefore, it’s best to increase SOD intake by taking reliable supplements, or using skincare products containing the ingredient.

Cabbage with Superoxide Dismutase

What Disease Is Associated With a Lack of Superoxide Dismutase?

SOD helps to protect against overly reactive oxygen species. To break it down in simple terms, the overproduction of reactive oxygen species has been linked to a variety of chronic and and degenerative diseases. These include respiratory diseases, digestive issues such as irritable bowel syndrone, as well as cancer.

How Do You Increase Superoxide Dismutase?

Unfortunately, SOD is way too large a molecule to be easily absorbed from food sources. On top of this, the SOD protein molecule is easily deactivated by acids and other enzymes contained in the digestive tract. However, scientists have conquered this challenge by creating bioavailable forms of SOD. These come from natural plant extracts.

Resultantly, the best way to increase superoxide dismutase levels is by taking SOD-boosting supplements.

The Best SOD Products to Use

The question now is this: what are the best superoxide dismutase supplements and products?

Firstly, when it comes to supplementation, we recommend Skinade Cellulite. This powerful antioxidant supplement is formulated with collagen peptides, MSM, and of course SOD. What’s more, by using a liquid solution, Skinade Cellulite maximises its absorption rate. Consequently, this potent supplement boosts the effects of all active ingredients. Overall, its great for protecting skin against free radicals, making it excellent for anti-aging.

Secondly, we recommend Endocare Tensage. By stimulating fibroblasts, collagen and elastin content, Endocare Tensage is an incredibly powerful anti-aging serum. What’s more, not only does the serum use SOD to regenerate skin cells, but it’s also formulated with SCA Biorepair Technology. In summary, this technology helps to re-energise existing fibroblasts and slow down aging.

Authors: Naeem Ali & Sam Pennington

References:

  1. Treiber N, Maity P, Singh K, Ferchiu F, Wlaschek M, Scharffetter-Kochanek K. The Role of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Skin Aging. Dermato-Endocrinology. 2012;4(3):232-235.
  2. Kwon M, Kim B, Lee Y, Kim T. Role of Superoxide Dismutase in Skin Inflammation. Journal of Dermatological Science. 2012;67(2):81-87.
  3. Lee M, Agrahari G, Kim H, An E, Chun K, Kang H et al. Extracellular Superoxide Dismutase Prevents Skin Aging by Promoting Collagen Production through the Activation of AMPK and Nrf2/HO-1 Cascades. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. 2021;141(10):2344-2353.e7.
  4. Liu Z, Ren Z, Zhang J, Chuang C, Kandaswamy E, Zhou T et al. Role of ROS and Nutritional Antioxidants in Human Diseases. Frontiers in Physiology. 2018;9.
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