In this blog about skincare you will be able to read about the different types of facial peels, how they work, what facial peel is right for you and why you should think about adding them to your skincare routine. Moreover, in this blog we will reveal the secrets of celebrity skincare and how celebrities get ready for magazine covers.
Types of facial peels and what do they do
First and foremost, when we talk about facial peels, we are talking about chemical peels, which are a group of skincare products that are used as a less invasive alternative to facial exfoliators that involve rubbing, scrubbing of your skin and rely on small particles in the exfoliating product to literally scrub off the dead skin cells of your skin. Now, while for some people this method might be a suitable solution to their skincare needs, for others it might be the wrong solution, as a result of raised skin sensitivity, dryness of the skin or such skin conditions as acne and rosacea. For those who struggle with certain skin conditions and very sensitive or very dry skin regular exfoliators, such as scrubs, are too aggressive, which is why chemical peels would be a better choice, as they allow to gently exfoliate the skin and smoothen the texture of the skin, revealing healthier skin underneath without having to rub or scrub it.
There are three main types of chemical peels. One type is superficial peels, which rely on mild acids, such as the alpha-hydroxy acid group, which is able to penetrate only the outermost layer of the skin and provide gentle exfoliation. Alpha-hydroxy acids, also known as AHAs, are a group of water-soluble acid compounds, that are a often derived from plant-based sources, for example glycolic acid. Glycolic acid peels act by stimulating the skin and help peel away the upper layer your skin in order to stimulate production of new collagen, fight pigmentation and such visible signs of ageing as wrinkles and fine lines. They are considered the most mild peel and are suitable for all skin tones and types, ranging in concentrations from 30-70%.
Another subtype of superficial peel relies on beta-hydroxy acids, which are a group of oil-soluble acids that work by penetrating the clogged pores in the upper level of the skin and removing dead skin cells as well as excess oils and sebum from your face. Beta-hydroxy acids, or BHAs are most suitable for people with oily skin types, as well as when struggling with such skin condition as acne, as unlike alpha-hydroxy acids, which are water soluble, beta-hydroxy acids are oil soluble, which means that they are able to get under the excess oils that are clogged up in your skin and eliminate the oil’s build-up. Moreover, beta-hydroxy acids are famous for their anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, which makes them perfect for acne and blemish-prone skin.
Second type of chemical peel is medium peels, which most often rely on trichloroacetic acid which is able to penetrate and reach the epidermis, the middle layer of the skin, and portions of dermis, the upper part of your skin’s middle layer, removing the dead skin cells and improving skin’s firmness and elasticity. Moreover, medium chemical peels are able to stimulate collagen production more effectively, as well as provide relief for those who are effected by such conditions as acne, post-acne scarring and hyperpigmentation. Likewise, medium chemical peels help reduce the visible signs of ageing and visibly improve the appearance of wrinkles and deep fine lines. However, it is best to carry out medium chemical peels after a consultation with a specialist or opt for professional administration by a dermatologist.
Third type of chemical peel is deep peel, which is the most intensive peel treatment out of the three. Such higher intensity of treatment allows to deliver dramatic visible improvement and is widely used to treat acne, deep acne scarring and more prominent signs of ageing. Deep chemical peels most often use phenol or carbolic acid, as well as higher concentrations of trichloroacetic acid, which are able to fully penetrate the middle layer of the skin in order to remove the damaged or dead skin cells and rejuvenate the skin. However, because deep chemical peels are such an intensive treatment, the downtime and aftercare post-treatment can take up to 3-4 weeks for the skin to heal completely. Moreover, it is not uncommon to experience swelling, redness and burning sensations after the procedure, which is why it is important to know what to expect and follow your doctor’s post-treatment instructions.
Do dermatologists recommend chemical peels?
Yes, they do! Chemical peels reduce skin damage, rejuvenating the skin and cleansing it from the buildup of excess oil, dead skin cells and pollution. However, what particular chemical peel would be recommended specifically for you depends on your skincare concerns and your skin’s individual needs and complexion. For any skin issues that affect the top layer only dermatology experts recommend superficial peels. According to experts, because superficial peels do not involve penetrating the deeper levels of the skin, they are associated with a lower risk of side effects, painful sensations and have the quickest recovery time compared to other types of chemical peels.
For such skin concerns as fine lines, wrinkles, minor hyperpigmentation and acne scarring experts recommend medium depth chemical peels, which, as we’ve outlined above, are able to reach the upper second layer, closest to the surface of the skin, also known as papillary dermis. Experts note that medium-depth chemical peels can take up to 7-14 days to heal and will require post-treatment aftercare that would be provided to you by your dermatologist. Likewise, post-treatment you might also be prescribed an antiviral medication to help lower the inflammation in your body.
For such skin concerns as severe sun damage, highly prominent visible signs of ageing such as tissue depression, sagging of the skin, deep lines and wrinkles, as well as severe hyperpigmentation experts would usually recommend deep chemical peels. Deep chemical peels are highly effective; however, they require considerable downtime, which can take up to 14-21 days to heal completely. Moreover, you will be prescribed an antiviral medication that you would need to take for 10-14 days in order to protect your “cleansed”, newly formed skin cells from exposure to viruses, environmental and bacterial pollutants.
Is chemical peel good for skin?
A chemical peel is a type of cosmetic treatment, which has a number of different applications and a variety of different benefits. Chemical peels help smoothen and brighten the skin, aid in the stimulation of collagen production and healthy skin cell growth, as well as treat scars, hydrate the skin and reduce pigmentation brought on by overexposure to the sun. Moreover, the deep exfoliation provided by chemical peeling helps stimulate cellular turnover, resulting in glowing, radiant skin. If you are unsure what type of peel is the right choice for you, you should seek a consultation with a dermatology specialist or a clinical aesthetician, who will be able to assess your skin’s individual complexion and determine which type of peel and what particular active ingredients and in what concentration they should be used.
Do Celebrities Get Chemical Peels? The preferred facial peel of celebrities
This non-invasive, non-surgical procedure is the new favourite cosmetic treatment amongst celebrities. It is a great solution for ageing skin, which allows to rejuvenate and give your skin the youthful, fresh appearance you are after. While some celebrities remain private about their skincare routine and the cosmetic treatments they opt for, other celebrities embrace skincare and openly support chemical peels. Here you can read about what celebrities stand by chemical peels and what type of peel they use.
Courtney Cox, the infamous star of the “Friends” TV-show, has said in an interview that she often uses hand peels to remove the spots of pigmentation from her hands. She openly talked about the healing process and the temporary side effects that you should expect.
Gwyneth Paltrow, an actress and a head of the wellness and lifestyle brand “Goop”, is almost an expert on skincare herself. She talked about seeing a cosmetic professional for superficial light chemical peels to refresh her facial complexion. She explains that she has always had good skin, which is why it is important to her to look after it as much as possible, which is why she opts for chemical peels, that provide deep cleansing and exfoliation.
Next celebrity that supports and appreciates chemical peels is Courtney Cox’s “Friends” co-star – Jennifer Aniston. The actress who admittedly looks great and is living her best life in her 50s swears by chemical peels and has opened up in an interview that chemical peels are intense and require some downtime, but the results are definitely worth it.
Melisa George is another actress who has talked about the benefits of chemical peels. She reports having an intensive deep chemical peel every other year and makes sure to look after her skin with at-home measures.
Chemical peel before and after
Whether you think about getting an at-home chemical peel or one done by a professional, there is a set of rules to abide by if you want to avoid potential side effects. Before you get a chemical peel, you should not use any type of retinoid topical medication for at least 48 hours and inform your doctor about any medications you take. After the chemical peel is done, dermatologists might recommend an anti-viral medication, lotion or cream to take care after your skin post-treatment.
Author: Maria Ageeva