The different types of acne scars and the best acne treatments

acne mask

In this blog you will be able to find out more about what acne is, what vitamins can provide relief when battling acne, what are the different types of acne scars, as well as what treatments are best when trying to heal acne scarring and how to prevent potential break-outs from happening ever again.

What do acne scars look like?

Acne is one of the most commonly encountered skin conditions, the onset of which is usually triggered by hormonal changes, bacterial imbalance or such internal factors as gut health disturbance, poor diet or other associated with acne health conditions. Acne manifests itself as a local or area-wise breakout, with pimples ranging in size, colour and appearance. However, after you have already managed to effectively tackle your acne break-outs, there are still some potential dangers lying ahead. Our face carries the story of our life, when you smile, your face remembers, when you spent a lot of time in the sun and squint your eyes, your face remembers. Likewise, when you have acne, getting rid of the break-outs is a first step, which is often followed by another – establishing a strong post-acne aftercare routine, which would help maintain your skin’s health and heal acne scarring. The processes of collagen rebuilding and new collagen formation take place, by the means of which your skin is able to regenerate and heal the affected tissue. Precisely, acne scarring refers to the fibrous process of collagen formation, wherein new collagen is being created or rebuilt in order to heal an occurred skin lesion. When collagen is being rebuilt often, or in other words, if you suffer from regular acne break-outs, it means that a lot of the spots will appear in the same places, leading to an accumulation of skin cells and build-ups, which have the appearance of scars. However, the appearance of these scars is of an individual nature will depend a lot on the individual’s medical history with acne and they way it was treated, or vice versa, untreated. While acne marks will generally fade within 3-6 months, acne scars remain longer and require treatment.

acne skin

The different types of acne scars and their appearance

The appearance of your acne scars, as we have mentioned above, can differ depending on your individual history with acne and the way you’ve handled it. Nevertheless, there is a treatment for each type of acne scars and what’s important is knowing how to identify which acne scars you are suffering from. Ice pick scars are manifested by very deep, v-shaped scars, that often look as if the skin has been punctured by a sharp object, such as an ice pick. These scars develop as a result of insufficient collagen production, or in other words, when your body naturally produces too little collagen it leads to the development of skin depressions in the form of ice pick scarring. Moreover, due to ice pick scars depth and narrow impressions, this type of acne scarring is the most challenging to get rid of.

Boxcar scars are similar to ice pick scars in a way that they also represent skin depressions, however unlike ice pick scars, they tend to be broader and wider, as well as have the appearance of a round or oval depression in your skin. While shallow boxcar scars are easier to treat, the deeper ones may not respond to treatment as well and will require more effort and time to get rid of.

Another common type of acne scarring is rolling scars, which can take form of pits or indentations in the skin, which is affected by tissue depression. Rolling scars will also often measure up to 4-5 millimetres wide, have slope-shaped structure and appear to have smooth edges. These sloping smooth edges give the skin an uneven, saggy appearance and can change in size and differ from the original size of the acne spot.

Next type of acne scarring that you should familiarise yourself with is keloid scars, which have the appearance of raised patches of skin, that can range in length and thickness and can often appear to be redder than the surrounding skin, especially for people with very fair or pale skin tone, while for people with darker skin tones the scars can appear to be pinker than the surrounding skin.

Hyperpigmentation is another common type of acne scarring, which is usually a harmless skin condition that manifests itself by patches of skin, that appears to be discolored or has a darker color than the rest of the skin on the face. The patches can vary in size and color and can be developed anywhere on the body.

acne breakouts

What is the best treatment for acne scarring?

One product that dermoi! recommends for the treatment of acne scarring is Endocare CellPro GelCream, which utilises the most cutting-edge skincare technologies in order to bring you the best results and visibly smoother, healthier glowing skin. CellPro GelCream’s unique formula uses snail-derived stem cell technology, which is based on growth factors and is a refined complex of biological activators that stimulate the activation of stem cells to generate new skin’s fibroblast cells while stimulating existing fibroblasts to produce collagen and elastin, which as you might already know, are crucial for skin’s health, firmness and structure. Likewise, CellPro GelCream uses Retinsphere technology, which is a recent innovative technology, that works by combining advanced forms of Vitamin A in order to increase cellular growth and turnover, which makes it a great choice for the treatment of post-acne scar tissue or for its anti-ageing properties. CellPro GelCream is suitable for all skin types, including mature and very sensitive skin. It is noncomedogenic, which helps prevent potential acne-break outs and is free from parabens and polyethylene glycol.

Another great product that is recommended for the treatment of acne scarring is PCA Skin’s Collagen Hydrator, which contains a well-balanced blend of humectants and powerful antioxidants, which deliver a boost of moisture that instantly relieves dryness, flaking, itching, and irritation. This product’s unique formula protects the skin from free radical damage, keeps the skin cells healthy protecting the skin from UV radiation damage, and promoting the appearance of smoother and softer skin, reducing fine lines. More importantly, however, this Collagen Hydrator allows to keep the skin hydrated and nourished, which is crucial for supporting your skin’s natural moisture barrier. Skin’s moisture barrier acts as a layer of protection for the skin and helps to retain essential water and electrolytes, which is why it is so important to ensure proper hydration of the skin when treating the lesions on the outermost layer of the skin. PCA Skin’s Collagen Hydrator uses fruit extracts and rich moisturizing ingredients that infuse the skin with moisture, help to soothe and smoothen the skin, while protecting it from oxidative stress and firming it. Likewise, it promotes the processes of collagen formation and production and help in the treatment of post-acne scarring. PCA Skin’s Collagen Hydrator is ideal for dry and dehydrated skin and was designed to help heal photo or environmentally damaged skin. It is suitable for all skin types , does not contain any artificial colouring or fragrances and is cruelty-free.

Indeed Labs’ Retinol Reface treatment is another product on our list of recommendations. Retinol Reface is a gentle skin resurfacer, which has the ability to visibly reduce signs of aging, refine skin texture and improve facial scarring. Retinol has the ability to stimulate cell renewal in the epidermis and enhance collagen production while protecting the skin against free radicals. Moreover, Retinol Reface’ gentle formula has a lightweight texture, which is great for both oily and dry skin types. This unique resurfacing treatment utilises a 3-in-1 formulation which combines such vital active ingredients as retinol, bakuchiol and retinol-like peptides. Bakuchiol and the retinol-like peptide have many of the same benefits as retinol , but are naturally derived from botanical sources and thus are extremely gentle on the skin, which allows to decrease the level of potential irritation to the skin and work together with the rest of the ingredients in order to deeply penetrate the skin and deliver you the results alike to those from retinoic acid, however, without the irritation that you would be likely to initially experience as if you were using retinoic acid alone.

skincare products

What vitamins are good for acne?

Vitamin C is s a water-soluble vitamin, which is not naturally produced by the body and yet is quite crucial for normal functioning of your body and maintenance of optimal health. Skin is no exception. Vitamin C has potent antioxidant properties, which help neutralize the damage brought on by free radicals, which are unstable compounds in the body that can damage your body’s cells over time when the free radical levels in the body become too high. Research shows, that Vitamin C plays an important role in maintaining skin health and can promote the differentiation of keratinocytes and decrease melanin synthesis, leading to antioxidant protection against UV-induced photodamage. (Wang et al., 2018) Researchers state that the skin’s epidermis, also known as the top layer of skin, contains high levels of Vitamin C, which has been seen to be instrumental in protecting the skin, stimulating cellular growth and cell turnover, as well as promoting production of collagen. Acne can be triggered by environmental or bacterial stressors and Vitamin C, being a potent antioxidant, can provide relief when struggling with acne and even improve the appearance of post-acne scars.

Vitamin A infusions

Which serum is best for acne?

If you’re wondering which serum is the best for acne, unfortunately, the answer is not too plain and simple. Serums work by using potent, high concentrations of active ingredients, and while for some people N% concentration would be ineffective, for others it might be too aggressive. This is why which serum will be best for you in the treatment of acne depends on a number of factors – your skin type, your individual skin complexion and your personal history with acne. Osmosis Skincare’ Replenish Antioxidant Infusion Serum is a nourishing and soothing option, which is packed with antioxidants and amino-rich peptides that specifically help to build and rebuild the skin’s framework and structural matrix, fight free radicals and reduce inflammation. Vitamin E, Green tea and Ginkgo biloba extracts work together to combat environmental damage and block UVA/UVB rays while Lactic Acid gently resurfaces skin and amino-rich Tripeptide Synthe-6 essentially reverses wrinkles. It is suitable for all skin types including even very sensitive skin and is ideal for the treatment of acne and acne scarring.

skincare

How can I remove acne scars at home? Dermatologists’ recommendation for acne scars

While some deeper acne scars might not respond to regular treatments and will require cosmetic or laser treatment to get rid of completely, a lot of the post-acne scarring can be managed at home with the means of dermaceutical and cosmeceutical products. These are the products that contain high concentrations of active ingredients or act as essential hydrating and nourishing agents. Dermatologists recommend to look for the products that contain hydroquinone, which is skin-lightening agent available in many OTC pigmentation and acne scar treatment products. Likewise, experts recommend products that contain kojic and azelaic acid, which are highly effective and can often act as a preventative measure for acne. Vitamin C is another ingredient which comes highly recommended in treatment of acne scarring. It helps brighten and even out the skin tone, fight hyperpigmentation and fade discoloration.

acne skincare

How can I prevent pimples on my face permanently?

Getting pimples is very natural and while it is very hard to control for all of the factors that could potentially cause a break-out, such as environmental pollution or hormone levels, there is a number of simple steps that you can take in order to ensure you did everything you could to prevent pimples. If you suffer from acne-prone or oily skin, experts recommend changing the bed sheets and pillow cases regularly, as they accumulate dust and the excess oils from your skin and hair. Maintaining a healthy moisture barrier and hydration levels of the skin is highly important when it comes to preventing not only acne and an odd pimple here and there, but also all other environmentally and bacterially triggered skin conditions. Making a lifestyle change and sticking by a healthy diet is another, just as important step in preventing break outs as moisturising, as acne can often be an indication of other health conditions, such as a microbial imbalance and leaky gut, which is why it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional if you are worried about the regularity of your break-outs.

Acne facial treatment - osmosis acne healing facial

Author: Maria Ageeva

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