Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Treatments and Results

skin pigmentation

Hyperpigmentation affects us all at some point in our lives. Whether it’s acne-related or even just due to age, hyperpigmentation can change our appearance, and make us less confident about our skin. Luckily, there are a number of ways to treat hyperpigmentation and re-gain an even, glowing skin tone.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of patches or small sections of the skin on the face. Skin pigmentation occurs due to an excess of melanin in the skin which causes certain areas to appear darker. Hyperpigmentation is not dangerous and can occur in many different forms, and even freckles are considered a type of hyperpigmentation. There are three main types of hyperpigmentation: age spots, melasma and post inflammation of the skin. Age spots are small uneven areas, darkened due to an excess of melanin in the skin as we age. Melasma is another common variety of hyperpigmentation and appears because of hormonal changes in the body. Melasma covers a wider area of the face than age spots and can be more pigmented. Another common type of hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory pigmentation. This hyperpigmentation occurs after acne, rashes or injury to the face. Most hyperpigmentation will fade and can be treated with skin products and treatments.

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What are the main causes of skin pigmentation?

The main causes of skin pigmentation are inflammation, ageing, hormones and sun exposure. After having acne, we often see a brown mark caused by the skin’s healing process. This occurs as while the skin repairs, it produces excess melanin. This can lead to hyperpigmentation. In addition, as our face is exposed to sunlight during the day, these hyperpigmentation spots can be worsened as the UV rays encourage the production of melanin. Hyperpigmentation also occurs commonly as a sign of ageing. After years of sun exposure, the melanin in our skin can become concentrated in certain areas, causing age spots that appear as small, darkened patches on the skin. In addition, hyperpigmentation can also develop during hormonal changes. This type, called Melasma, resembles large freckles and is common during pregnancy.

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The best treatment for pigmentation on the face

The best treatment for pigmentation removal is a chemical peel and vitamin infusions. Chemical peels use enzymes that exfoliate your face, resurfacing the skin to reduce the appearance of fine lines, dry skin and, most importantly, hyperpigmentation. The best pigmentation treatments are the Brightening pigmentation treatments by dermoi!

The Osmosis treatment is perfect to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, melasma and age spots. This treatment incorporates vitamin A which increases cell turnover and collagen production, speeding up the recovery of pigmented skin.
The PCA Skin peel also uses a 10% Advanced Retinoid Booster, a type of vitamin A, to resurface the skin and reduce the appearance of pigmentation. This facial treatment also includes enzyme exfoliation, galvanic technology and LED light therapy to stimulate cell turnover, leaving your skin refreshed and brightened while reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation.

facial treatments

What is the best cream to remove pigmentation?

The best pigmentation cream is Pepta-Bright by Indeed Labs. Pepta-Bright contains molecules such as lipoamino acids that block the production of melanin preventing further darkening of pigmented patches on your face. It also including molecules that brighten the skin, fading hyperpigmentation and evening out your skin tone. Pepta-Bright protects against UV rays that could worsen the appearance of hyperpigmentation and is non-toxic and paraben free, unlike many other brightening treatments. This hyperpigmentation treatment can be incorporated into your daily skincare routine to achieve maximum results.

Does vitamin C help with hyperpigmentation?

Vitamin C is excellent for dealing with hyperpigmentation as it slows down the production of melanin in the skin. This will prevent hyperpigmentation from occurring and reduce the appearance of marks and dark patches already present on the face. Vitamin C also contains UV protection properties, preventing further pigmentation by protecting your skin from sun-induced melanin production. As well as shielding your skin and reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation, vitamin C is great for preventing further breakouts that might cause more pigmentation, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties.

vitamins

How do you fix acne hyperpigmentation?

The best way to fix acne hyperpigmentation is to use ingredients that treat both your acne and post-inflammation hyperpigmentation. Adding an exfoliating acid to your skincare routine will help revitalize your skin and clear away dirt and bacteria that could cause more breakouts. Products that contain lactic acid, like the Polish Cranberry Enzyme Mask, will melt away dirt and dead skin cells to prevent acne breakouts. This exfoliator will also improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation by renewing your skin and removing pigmented layers of the epidermis.

facial treatments

What skincare is good for pigmentation?

As mentioned before, vitamin C is excellent to get rid of hyperpigmentation, particularly acne pigmentation, because it prevents breakouts while brightening the skin and evening out your skin tone. An excellent product is the iS Clinical Youth Serum. This product not only contains revitalizing vitamin C but also vitamin A, which helps the skin’s renewal process, and peptides, which repair and hydrate the skin, minimizing the appearance of hyperpigmentation.

Another excellent product for skin pigmentation is the Repair Healing Mask by Osmosis Skincare. This mask encourages cell turnover, speeding up your skin’s healing process. Containing niacinamide, which improves your skin tone and texture, as well as UV protective almond oil, this nourishing mask will repair and strengthen your skin all while diminishing the appearance of pigmentation.

The iS Clinical White Lightening Complex is also a great product for dealing with hyperpigmentation. This product contains a variety of vitamins and enzymes that exfoliate the face and reduce the appearance of blemishes or pigmentation. The White Lightening Complex treatment uses naturally occurring salicylic, glycolic and lactic acid to resurface the skin at the deeper levels of the epidermis, while vitamin C and alpha arbutin brighten your skin and reduce the appearance of blemishes and hyperpigmentation. This product is excellent for anyone suffering with post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation as the exfoliation process will clarify your skin, getting rid of dirt and acne-causing bacteria. This process will help prevent acne breakouts that can cause pigmentation.

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Why does it take so long to see real results?

Pigmentation begins at the deepest layer of the epidermis as this is where melanin production occurs. This means that when the skin is healing itself, and hyperpigmentation appears, it reaches lower levels of our epidermis. Instead of needing just one skin cycle, about six weeks, to heal, as the pigmentation is rooted deeper in the skin it can take much longer to see results. Hyperpigmentation usually fades after three months but can take years in more extreme cases before pigmentation fully disappears. Luckily, using products to help speed up this process can really help. While it may still feel like you’re waiting a long time for dramatic results, using these products and treatments will have successfully improved the speed of recovery. As with any skin healing process, getting rid of hyperpigmentation takes time, care and attention.

skincare routine oily skin

Author: Isabella Dockery

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