In this blog, you will find out about what is a serum, why you should use and how to implement it into your daily skincare routine correctly to achieve the best results.
What Exactly Is a Serum?
A serum is a skincare product that is based on a potent substance. They’re designed to deliver high concentrations of specific active ingredients to the skin. Nowadays, there is a wide variety of different serums all made from different ingredients. They serve a number of various functions from daily hydration to treating acne scars.
Serums can be gel-based, have a liquid consistency and resemble the consistency of a light-textured moisturiser. Most face serums act by delivering a potent dose of topical antioxidants. These include vitamins A, C and E, as well as topical retinoids and other ingredients.
When used in combination with other treatments, serums can treat such long-term aging effects as pigmentation, and wrinkles. Moreover, a face serum is capable of hydrating your skin more effectively than creams with the richest textures. This is as a result of the molecules that serums contain being able to properly penetrate the skin. This allows the delivery of hydration on the deepest levels of the dermis. On the other hand, the creams that are rich in texture often just stay on top of your skin. This contributes to pore clogging and an accumulation of excess oils.
However, experts also noticed that while hydrating serums are able to increase or provide similar hydrating effects as a moisturiser, moisturisers are still necessary.
Can I Mix Two Serums Together?
Yes, it is completely okay to mix 2 or more serums! However, there are a couple of guidelines to abide by when mixing serums. First of all, you need to be mixing them in the palm of your hand before applying to your face.
Secondly, it is important to make sure that the serums you are planning to mix are of the same texture and consistency. This is in order for them to mix well without clotting, otherwise the mixture is not going to turn out smooth. If the serums you are planning to mix have different textures, worry not, there is still something you can do. Start with the serum which has the lightest texture and move on to the serum that has a heavier texture. It is also important to apply the most potent serums first and the least potent ones second.
Is It Safe to Mix Your Skincare Products?
Some skincare outlets might suggest avoiding mixing your skincare products to avoid mistakes in the ordering. However, with the correct approach it’s not only possible to mix face serums, but might also help you achieve the best results. Experts suggest adopting a specific schedule which you should follow in order to get the most of your products without stripping them of their effectiveness. The first thing you should do is clean your skin with your cleanser of choice, then follow it with a mask. After this, apply targeted products that offer the most potent solution packed with a number of active ingredients that suit your skincare goals for better absorption. These products can include targeted vitamin or retinoid formula. Further on, apply your serums followed by a moisturizer and finish off with an SPF.
Likewise, there are other things to keep in mind when attempting to mix different products. Experts urge you to be mindful of what skin products go after another one in your skincare routine. If you’re using a harsh cleanser, scrub or mask, be careful with any follow up products. Some products, like retinol serums or vitamin C serums, might be too aggressive to apply on your skin right after vigorous cleansing as they might cause irritation and itching sensations.
Moreover, experts suggest limiting your daily routine to 2-3 serums as this increases the probability of them being absorbed correctly and achieving the best results. If you would like to tackle various skin concerns and want to use more serums, specialists advise using 1-3 serums per morning routine and 1-3 serums for the evening routine. Using the correct procedure brings the most out of the ingredients in your products and helps to avoid confusion when layering and mixing.
What Serums Shouldn’t You Mix?
There is one other thing to consider. While all serums are a potent, vitamin and antioxidant-packed solution, some serums just don’t go together well and it’s important to avoid mixing those products. It has been widely debated if retinoid-based products are mixable with serums. Nevertheless, experts say that it is possible to mix a serum containing retinyl palmitate (another form of vitamin A) with another product of your choice. Moreover, the expert recommends avoiding mixing products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids or beta-hydroxy acids with products that contain vitamin A, due to vitamin A promoting skin’s regeneration and AHAs and BHAs products promoting exfoliation, which can be too overwhelming for your skin.
Another combination of serums to avoid is mixing vitamin C serums with retinol serums, as both ingredients are very complex, delicate compounds and will not work stably together. Experts suggest this general rule of thumb: botanical ingredients, skin-calming ingredients and hydration mix safely, while other combinations might require some further thought.
What’s even more important is to never mix your serums with SPF. Experts point out that SPF needs to be the final thing on your skincare routine. SPF acts by creating a barrier between the skin, UV light radiation and external pollutants. Mixing the SPF with your serums will make both ineffective as well, which leaves your skin unprotected from UV radiation.
Can I Mix My Serum With My Moisturiser?
Well, the quick answer is yes, you can mix serums with moisturisers. For this, you should follow the same guidelines as with mixing the serums. Mix a couple of drops of serum in the palm of your hand with the moisturiser of your choice. Then just apply it to your face. This will save you some time on layering the different skin products in your skincare routine.
However, it might be best to apply the serum onto your clean face then wait a couple of minutes before layering the moisturiser onto the serum. This will allow the serum’s potent solution to absorb into your skin in the correct concentration. While it is perfectly fine to mix serums with moisturiser, it might reduce some of the serum’s effects as it can reduce its potency.
Nevertheless, both ways of application will produce considerable health benefits to your skin and it is purely up to you what approach to take.
The Benefits of Vitamin C Serum
It can be difficult for us to consume enough vitamin C as we can’t produce it naturally and our body can’t store it either. By using a vitamin C serum you are allowing the nutrient to penetrate directly into your skin and deliver its various health benefits. Vitamin C serums have been widely used to reverse the visible effects of aging, and to smoothen and brighten the skin to give a radiant and glowing complexion.
First and foremost, vitamin C is safe to use on almost all skin types. This allows most people to use vitamin C serums as a topical treatment for prolonged periods of time without facing any potential side effects. Side effects can manifest themselves in different levels of sensitivity. However, these side effects are commonly observed only in people with hypersensitive skin, certain skin conditions or citrus allergies.
The second reason why you should be using vitamin C serums is due to their powerful hydrating and brightening properties. Vitamin C has been shown to reverse skin pigmentation, reduce dullness and give your skin a youthful glow. Moreover, studies show that magnesium, one of the main vitamin C derivatives used in skincare, acts as a hydrating agent. This decreases transepidermal water loss and allows the skin to retain moisture.
According to research, vitamin C treats a wide variety of inflammatory skin conditions, while minimising redness and rashes. Vitamin C has also been shown to reduce the appearance of under-eye circles and increase collagen production. It also prevents the loss of elasticity and protects skin against sun overexposure and premature aging.
What Serum Should I Use?
Here are our recommended serums:
This is one of the leading serums from skincare pioneers Endocare. It delivers the highest level of skin protection against environmental aggressors including pollution, sunlight & tobacco smoke. It contains high concentrations of antioxidants, including vitamin C and ferulic acid, to combat damaging free radicals. It’s clinically proven to boost fibroblast activity, which helps to create more collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid.
Osmosis have an excellent range of the best retinol serums that vary in strength. We recommend starting with a gentler serum such as the Calm Gentle Retinal Serum before moving on to one with a higher strength. Retinal can irritate the skin so its best to start of with a smaller dosage.
The Osmosis Retinal Serums tackle all signs of aging from fine lines and wrinkles, to sagging skin and weak barrier functions. They also boosts the skin’s level of nutrients, while improving moisture levels.
This serum is the best in menopause skincare for women who want to see real age-reversing results. The silky lightweight formula makes for easy absorption and utilises groundbreaking anti-aging MEP technology. It is the first-ever skincare innovation that non-hormonally restores the estrogen in the skin before, during, and after menopause. Dramatic anti-aging improvements are visible in 4-8 weeks.
What Is the Best Serum for the Face?
While there are a lot of options to choose from, it is important to identify correctly what your skin needs.
If you’re in your 20s, experts advise opting for serums that increase collagen production and retinol serums. These promote healthy cell turnover and are instrumental in reducing the development of fine lines and wrinkles.
If you’re in your 30’s it might be best to implement vitamin C serums into your daily routine. These help brighten the skin, reduce dullness and smooth out deeper lines, wrinkles and pigmentation.
If you’re in your 40’s hyaluronic acid serums would be a great idea. They promote a healthy moisture balance and allow the skin to retain moisture for longer, making it appear youthful and supple.
Hopefully, with our list of helpful tips and guidelines, you will be able to choose your serums, mix them and apply them correctly.
Author: Maria Ageeva