There are many of us who at some point in our lives have had severe acne. Whether that be during puberty, hormonal acne as adults, cysts etc… It can take months and years to perfect a skincare routine that works for you and to even stay consistent with it. Some even change their lifestyle and diet with the aim to improve their skin and overall wellbeing. Reaching a point where you can be confident in your skin and where it’s at is a big achievement. However, after having severe acne, acne scars can be very common and very difficult to get rid of. It can seem frustrating but the comforting thing to know is that there are things you can do, and treatments you can find to help.
The different types of acne scars
The Australian College of Dermatologists definition of what acne scars are, is “Acne scars are permanent textural changes and indentations that occur on the skin as a result of severe acne”. We get acne scars from developing cysts during periods of severe acne. Cysts are the large bumps that you can feel under the skin but never rise to the surface to form a pus-filled spot. They destroy the surrounding skin tissue which cannot be regenerated, meaning after the acne has passed we are left with scarring or indents in the skin. There are quite a few different types of acne scars, these are some of the main ones:
1. Boxcar acne scars
These are shallow to medium in depth and appear very faint on the skin but with well-defined edges. Usually, they are most common on the cheeks and appear just as small indents.
2. Depressed acne scars
These appear as depressions, hence the name, on the skin, giving a bumpy and uneven texture. They usually come as a collective and are most common on the sides of the cheeks. These can be very difficult to get rid of as they are typically quite deep in depth.
3. Ice pick acne scars
These are deep and narrow scars that extend all the way into the lower layer of the skin. Due to their depth, they can be extremely difficult to get rid of.
4. Macular scars
These are red and inflamed scars that typically appear on the forehead and chin, they usually fade between 6-12 months however with treatment this process can be shortened.
5. Lumpy hypertrophic scars
These are most commonly seen on the neck, jawline and back. These are red uneven lumps that can appear small or larger and give the skin an uneven appearance.
However, the most common types of acne scars seen in people is usually a combination of each of these individual ones. Which is all totally normal after having severe acne.
Which type of acne scar is the most difficult to treat and why?
Ice pick and depressed acne scars can be some of the most difficult to treat. This is due to how deep they are in the skin. Typical treatments include things such as collagen injections, which for depression acne scars, aim to fill the indent within the skin to create an overall smoother appearance. Another common treatment typically used for ice pick scars is TCA CROSS. This treatment aims to chemically reconstruct the skin, which sounds very scary, however is a quick procedure with about 2-3 treatments needed in total.
As I mentioned, acne scars usually come as a combination of each of these different types of scars. This can make acne scars in general very difficult to treat as each requires different treatments and methods. A general treatment, however, most effective on box-car scars, is laser treatments. There are different types, those being: non-ablative and ablative. Non-ablative works to stimulate collagen production in the skin to help speed the process of cell renewal to work to remove smaller acne scars or redness. Ablative works to remove a thin layer off of the top epidermis layer of the skin, which can help with lumpy scars and redness.
When should I apply Skin Clear Biome?
Skin Clear Biome is a nutritional supplement created by Advanced Nutrition Programme. It targets those with problematic skin which includes, hyperpigmentation, rosacea, over-sensitisation etc… Skin problems can be difficult to overcome just by an at-home skincare routine. It utilises microbiome technology and contains 4 essential ‘good bacteria’ to help balance the bacteria within the gut. Just to explain that a little bit, your digestive system, especially your small intestine is filled with essential bacteria to help you digest your food. This is called the flora. Imbalances of these bacteria from unhealthy diets, lack of sleep or hormone imbalances can result in something called dysbiosis. This is when the imbalances lead to problems in digestion within the gut and can cause stomach upsetness or some mild abdominal pains. Usually, the body can correct these imbalances with homeostatic processes and negative feedback however, certain lifestyle factors can steer this further away from the baseline.
Overall dysbiosis can result in nutrition malabsorption, meaning your body is not getting the nutrients from your food that it needs as it can’t be digested or absorbed. I’m a strong believer in problems within the body being reflected out of the body. The lack of nutrients can cause the skin to look fatigued, become over-sensitised and can result in severe acne which can be difficult to treat.
The time taken for cell-renewal will be lengthened and you can be in the position of nothing working for your face. Skin Clear Biome specifically works to restore the balance of bacteria and maintain gut health. It was the first skincare probiotic of its kind and this technique can help to clear problematic skin, and strengthen overall health, as digestive problems especially in the UK are one of the most abundant.
Does Skin Clear Biome have side effects?
As all the ingredients within Skin Clear Biome are natural, there is less cause for concern of side effects and risks. These are all ingredients present within our daily lives meaning we have come into contact with them. Nothing new is being introduced to our bodies which reduces the risk. However, if you have underlying medical conditions this would be something to consult your doctor with, before starting supplements. It is also important to remember that these are supplements. Their aim is to be an addition to your lifestyle and diet, not to substitute anything.
Does Skin Accumax Work? What are the benefits?
Skin Accumax, also by Advanced Nutrition Programme is a supplement aimed at targeting problematic skin. It can specifically be very beneficial to those who suffer from hormonal imbalances and hormonal acne. It contains essential vitamins such as A and C and works to supplement your diet. Advanced Nutrition Programme spent roughly 10-15 year of research on these products so you can rest assured they have been tried, tested and loved. Inflammation due to hormonal imbalances within the body is what causes severe acne and this is what Skin Accumax aims to target. We know it works as it’s got many satisfied reviews and multiple awards.
The benefits of Skin Accumax are:
• Nourishes all layers of the skin
• Clarifies complexion
• Supports overall skin health
To summarise Skin Accumax works to help your skin from the inside out.
What are the ingredients of both products?
Zinc in supplements can help with the overall function of your metabolism and immune system. Your body doesn’t naturally produce zinc or store it, so a constant income of zinc is essential for the body. Sources are from chicken, red meat and breakfast cereals. It helps with cell regeneration and is present in almost 300 enzymes that help metabolic processes within the body. The large role it plays in DNA and protein synthesis is what proves it to be so beneficial for skin health, as it helps with the natural skin cycle.
2. Bifidobacterium Bifidum
This is a bacteria that usually resides in the stomach and small intestine. It has been scientifically proven to help weave away harmful bacteria, help symptoms of IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) and overall boosts immunity. It can be found in yoghurts, kefir, sauerkraut and fermented foods such as kimchi and miso.
3. Lactobacillus Helveticus
It’s a type of lactic acid bacteria that are usually found in the gut. It can also be found in Italian and Swiss cheeses, kefir, yoghurt and fermented food e.g. kimchi. This bacteria works not only to promote and balance gut health. There is scientific proof that Lactobacillus Helveticus can reduce anxiety, help with sleep and has a positive effect on calcium metabolism.
4. Lactobacillus Paracasei
This is a bacteria also commonly found within the small intestine. The biggest benefit that has been scientifically proven of this bacteria is its use in easing the effects of IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome). It can be found in the majority of dairy and milk products.
5. Saccharomyces Boulardii
Saccharomyces Boulardii is commonly used in treating diarrhoea, especially in children. It helps to retain the flora balance within the gut to ensure adequate water absorption from faeces. It is most commonly found in kefir, kimchi, miso and sauerkraut.
As you can see Skin Clear Biome contains 4 essential bacteria. These may not directly correlate to the skin however, as I explained before, ensuring your gut flora is in balance is essential for the rest of the body, including acne.
1. Vitamin A
Vitamin A has many benefits for the skin. It works to increase the speed of the cell cycle, meaning cells are regenerating at a much higher rate. This helps to reduce signs of ageing, improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and to help with problems such as hyperpigmentation. It can also help to protect against UV damage. Vitamin A can be found in eggs and orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.
2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps to promote collagen production. Meaning it has the potential to thicken the skin which protects against external damage and to keep skin firm and elastic. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant meaning it can help protect from free radical and UV damage. It can be found in citrus fruits, peppers and strawberries.
3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a very powerful antioxidant so helps to protect from free radical and UV damage. It’s also a natural tone lightener so consistent use can help reduce hyperpigmentation or acne scars. Vitamin E can be found in vegetable oils, nuts, seeds and leafy green vegetables.
Phytonutrient can help to boost immunity within the body. It can also improve metabolism and better equip the body to recover after illness. It also has antioxidant powers so can protect from free radical and UV damage. The phytonutrient used in Skin Accumax is derived from broccoli however phytonutrients can be found typically in red, orange and yellow vegetables, or deep green vegetables.
Overall supplements can be a great addition to your lifestyle, whether it be probiotics or vitamins etc… It’s a great way to boost the effects of healthy living. Especially if you are someone with problematic acne scars or severe acne, taking a look at what’s going on inside of your body could help. Topical treatments can only do so much however your body reflects what’s on the inside, onto the outside. So it’s important to take care of both to boost overall wellbeing.
Author: Ema Kanlic