5 different types of breakouts and causes

Breakouts are a very common skin condition and can affect a majority of us throughout our lifetimes. Whether you’re a teenager, who is first developing spots because of puberty, or you are slightly older and struggling with an oily skin type, breakouts affect us all in different ways. There are many different types of breakouts, all caused by different factors, and this article will explore the world of breakouts and recommend ways to prevent them.

What is breakout skin?

In simple terms, a breakout occurs when the skin becomes inflamed or irritated, which allows blemishes, such as acne, to form. Breakouts can appear anywhere on the body but occur mostly around the cheek or chin area, where acne is most likely to become present. It is important to distinguish between breakouts and purges. Essentially, purging is a more intense and frequent source of acne, which usually disappears quite quickly. Whereas breakouts commonly take around 8-10 days to fade completely.

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What causes acne?

Acne is caused when a pore becomes clogged with either dirt, oil or other debris, causing a pimple to arise to the surface of the skin. There is not one direct cause of acne, in fact, a mixture of factors contributes to the occurrence of frequent breakouts.

For example, if you suffer from high levels of stress and anxiety, you may develop acne-prone skin. This is because when we are under emotional pressure, our body releases a stress hormone called cortisol. As a result of cortisol being secreted around the body, our glands release more oil, meaning our pores are more likely to become clogged over time.

Moreover, our diets can affect our skin and can lead to more blemishes. A prime example of this is through dairy and sugar consumption. These food types release lots of insulin throughout the body and also allow for more oil to be secreted into our pores. Therefore, if you consume a lot of these types of foods, your pores are more likely to be filled with oil.

Finally, acne can be also be linked back to our genes. Although there is not an exact chromosome that is linked to acne itself, we do inherit our skin types. Thus, if you are related to someone with oily skin or acne-prone skin, you may be more likely to take on that trait too.

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5 Different Types of Acne

As mentioned previously, there is an abundance of acne, all containing their slight nuances and related causes. Though, this article will only discuss the 5 types described below:

Firstly, there are ‘Whiteheads’. These are described as hair follicles that are not fully open, which then allows excess oil and hair to become trapped beneath the skin. These are easily identified by their small white outer layer.

‘Blackheads’ are essentially hair follicles that have opened up and expanded, causing oil and other toxins to become clogged within them. Surprisingly, blackheads are not black, they just embody a black hue when light reflects upon the trapped hair.

Thirdly, ‘Papule’ acne occurs when a pore becomes inflamed and manifests small sensitive red bumps upon the affected surface. It must be mentioned that you should not pick or squeeze these blemishes as can they often lead to acne scars.

Next, ‘Cystic’ acne forms when large pus-filled wounds appear upon the skin. This type of acne is often inflamed and sensitive to the touch. Moreover, it is advised that you visit a dermatologist if you have cystic acne, as they can treat this condition with medication or other ailments.

Finally, the fifth type of acne is ‘Pustule’ acne. This is a type of inflamed spot which can often resemble a whitehead with a bright red ring surrounding it. Pustules often contain fluid or pus, and when burst can often lead to prominent scarring.

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How to get rid of papule acne?

Papule acne is caused by an excess of oil or hair in a particular pore, which then bursts through the surface of the skin. In order to prevent papules from occurring frequently, it is important to keep your face clear of any debris that could fall into your pores. Therefore, it is recommended that you wash your face once in the morning and again in the evening, to help keep your face clear. At Dermoi!, we recommend the ‘Blemish Control Bar’ from PCA skin, which is currently available for £37.76 on the Dermoi! online store. This product is able to penetrate deep within the skin to help clear congestion and eradicate the bacteria that often causes acne.

What causes whiteheads?

Whiteheads tend to develop when a pore becomes clogged with excess oil or hair, causing it to become trapped beneath the skin. In order to eliminate whiteheads, it is advised that you use a facial steamer to allow your pores to open up naturally. Once the pores are open, try using the ‘Clarify Facial Cleanser’ from Exuviance, now available for £39.95. This powerhouse cleanser is perfect for whiteheads as it contains tea tree oil, which helps to clear underlying congestion and control oil secretion within the skin.

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How to remove blackheads from the nose?

Many people complain about having an excessive number of blackheads around their nose, and often make the mistake of using abrasive scrubs to try and claw them out. This will leave your skin feeling irritated and damaged in the long run. Instead, try using lactic acid as this helps to disintegrate the top layer of your skin, helping to break down and remove blackheads. We recommend incorporating the ‘Facial Wash Oily/Problem’ from PCA Skin into your skincare routine, for just £26.06. This product contains a powerful blend of gluconolactone, and lactic acid and allows the skin to become more hydrated and reduces harsh inflammation.

effective acne treatments you can easily try at home

How to treat cystic acne?

Cystic acne is often a serious skin condition and usually requires medical attention to help reduce the size of your pores and minimise oil secretion. However, there are a few products that help to shrink certain enlarged pores which are vulnerable to becoming cysts. For example, the ‘Clarify Blemish Retinal Serum’ from Osmosis uses a potent form of retinol to neutralise the toxins within the skin and help to keep large pores clear. This serum is currently available for £46.45 on the Dermoi! online store.


How to heal pustule acne?

Luckily, pustule acne, if not irritated or inflamed, can often heal naturally on its own. However, if you would like to speed up the healing process, try using a product which contains salicylic acid, such as the ‘Duo Anti-Blemish Gel’ from Biretex. This product helps to stop the formation of breakouts and clear out pores effectively, leaving you with blemish-free skin in a matter of weeks.

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How to get clear skin and treat acne?

Acne is a normal and common skin condition, which affects most of us greatly. Yet there are some ways to prevent it from overcoming our lives and harming our self-confidence. For example, it is important to keep your face clean and clear by using a gentle cleanser at least twice a day. This simple part of your skincare routine will help to remove excess oil, dirt and other debris from your pores, helping to prevent breakouts. Moreover, if you feel that your skin conditions are caused by a dairy intolerance, try swapping out those particular products out for a wide variety of dairy-free alternatives. It may be beneficial for you to also incorporate some relaxation techniques into your daily routine, in order to reduce your cortisol levels.

Acne will always be a part of our personal lives and an integral step in some people’s skincare journeys. But it should not make us any less confident or afraid to show our skin. If you feel that acne has taken over your life for too long, why not try out a selection of our recommended products and take a stance against troublesome acne breakouts?

Author: Melody Day