What Is Skin Pigmentation
Skin Pigmentation occurs when patches of your skin have uneven skin tones compared to the rest of your body. An overproduction of melanin is the main culprit of skin pigmentation, but there are many reasons why this happens.
These dark spots form during hyperpigmentation, and although there are many types of hyperpigmentation, here’s a list of the main ones:
- Sunspots – Also known as age spots, sunspots are caused by unprotected sun exposure and they discolour the skin. UV radiation speeds up the process of melanin production, making patches of the skin appear darker than normal.
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation – This type of skin pigmentation is linked to inflammation caused by conditions such as acne and eczema. Although it affects all skin types, those with darker skin who suffer from irritation and inflamed skin are worst affected.
- Melasma – Typically common in women, melasma causes larges patches of uneven skin tone due to hormonal changes. Occurring mostly on the face, melasma triggers the colour producing cells, melanocytes which cause an imbalance in skin tone.
What Causes Pigmentation
Melanin is what determines the colour of your eyes, hair and skin tone. The more melanin you have, the darker your skin, and vice versa.
The amount of melanin produced in your body is already determined by your genes, however melanin levels can vary due to external factors. Here are some examples:
- Inflammation – This triggers an excess of melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin. It darkens the skin even after the wounding and scarring are healed.
- UV radiation – UV rays not only produce more free radicals that lead to fine lines and wrinkles but also stimulate melanin production, causing darker patches and discolouration in the skin.
- Hormonal changes - Oestrogen and progesterone play a major role in producing excess melanin in the top layers of the skin, especially among women. Excess melanin can also be caused by birth control pills and pregnancy.
If left unchecked and untreated, your skin pigmentation will worsen and leave you with damaged skin and an uneven tone.
Why Your Uneven Skin Tone Is Getting Worse
As mentioned above, sun exposure, hormonal changes and inflammation cause excess melanin and which can result in an uneven skin tone.
But what are the lifestyle choices that make your skin pigmentation worse?
Too much stress is a big contributor to hormonal imbalance. Stress hormones are perfectly natural and have benefits to your fight or flight reactions.
However, chronic stress and long periods of anxiety lead to an imbalance of oestrogen and progesterone for women and testosterone in men.
Poor dieting that induces hormonal imbalances and inflammation is another player in skin pigmentation. Green vegetables like broccoli and spinach are melanin-reducing foods that also have the added benefit of being good sources of antioxidants.
The Best Products To Combat Uneven Skin Tone
Here at Dermoi we offer scientifically proven skincare products that treat uneven skin tone for all types of skin, including sensitive skin.
Osmosis encapsulate their serums in liposomes, ensuring that the anti-inflammatory ingredients penetrate deeply.
The serum uses retinaldehyde, a more potent form of retinol (vitamin A) that helps to balance oil levels in the glands to prevent clogged pores and inflammation.
PCA Skin use their own version of liposomal delivery called OmniSomes. By slowly releasing the active ingredients over a ten hour period, this brightening serum will enhance the penetration of the formula.
With 0.5% of retinol, the serum will promote an even skin tone and complexion due to its skin-brightening effects. It is ideal for those with hyperpigmentation but also those with oily and dry skin.
Pepta Bright has the incredible ability to brighten your skin and reduce dark spots.
It incorporates sepiwhite (undecylenoyl phenylalanine), an acid that blocks melanin formation and instead helps to lighten the skin.
This sun-protective cream provides the best protection against UV radiation, including UVA and UVB.
The potent sunscreen uses Fernblock FC and biomimetic melanin to treat and prevent sun damage, whilst providing protection. It is ideal for those with hyperpigmentation and rosacea and reduces the production of melanin.
The Facial Treatments That Will Eliminate Skin Pigmentation
Our facials are tailored to your skin concerns and provide long-lasting results to your skin health.
We recommend two of our facials that target skin pigmentation:
Unlike other chemical peels, Dermoi offers a Perfecting Peel that brightens the skin while keeping the deeper layers of the skin damage-free.
The Perfecting Peel also uses enzymatic and chemical resurfacing solutions to stimulate skin repair and collagen production.
Targeting your specific skin pigmentation, our Osmosis Bespoke Facial includes retinaldehyde to boost protection against sun damage and reduce dark spots.
Our treatment brightens your skin with its remarkable vitamin fusion that is clinically proven to rejuvenate your skin cells. Osmosis Beauty also uses liposomal delivery for longer-lasting results with deeper penetration.
Author: Naeem Ali
- Handel, A., Miot, L. and Miot, H., 2014. Melasma: a clinical and epidemiological review. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, 89(5), pp.771-782.
- Del Bino, S., Duval, C. and Bernerd, F., 2018. Clinical and Biological Characterization of Skin Pigmentation Diversity and Its Consequences on UV Impact. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(9), p.2668.