Hyperpigmentation is a very common skin condition that affects many people around the world. Characterised mostly by dark spots, this skin condition is mostly harmless, but can cause intense self-esteem issues for many of its sufferers. So, how do you treat hyperpigmentation? In this article, we will be exploring a list of remedies for skin pigmentation issues, as well as recommending some of our outstanding brightening facial treatments.
What is hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a medical term that usually refers to a collection of patches of skin that are increasingly darker than the rest of the skin. This condition forms when there is an excess of melanin within the skin. Melanin is responsible for creating a brown colour in darker skin tones, thus, hyperpigmentation results in dark sports in various areas of the skin. This condition is mainly caused by an excess of sun exposure, which in turn, produces more melanin within our skin.
What are the types of skin pigmentation?
There are numerous types of skin pigmentations, all caused by various factors and triggers. Listed below are just four of the most common types of skin pigmentation.
Firstly, Freckles are a common skin pigmentation that can affect a wide ranging amount of people. These simple dark spots are dotted around the complexion and are usually seen on those who have a lighter skin tone. Freckles are caused by too much sun exposure and usually fade during the winter months.
Solar lentigines are more commonly known as liver spots or sun spots. They are usually described as pigmented spots with a noticeable and defined edge that surrounds them. Solar lentigines are caused by excessive UV exposure and can range from light brown to black depending on the amount of sun you have been exposed to. It is worth mentioning that this type of skin pigmentation can develop into skin cancer, so it is paramount that you visit a medical professional if you have any concerns.
Next, Melasma is a skin pigment that appears in the dermis layer of the skin. This condition usually appears on the face as large brown patches without a defined bored that surrounds them. The causes of Melasma are still unknown, although some medical professionals say that it could be caused by hormones or excessive sun exposure.
Finally, Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation often occurs after an abrasive treatment, such as a deep chemical peel, or can be caused by a harsh burn. This type of skin pigment often fades over time and responds well to topical treatments.
10 Tips for Treating Hyperpigmentation
Natural remedies have become an effective way to treat a variety of skin conditions, including hyperpigmentation. So, here are 10 tips for reducing hyperpigmentation:
1: Apply yoghurt or milk
Both yoghurt and milk contain lactic acid, which is often the perfect exfoliator for dark spots. Lactic acid helps to dramatically brighten the skin and reduce the visible signs of aging, leaving you with a clearer complexion. Try applying yoghurt or milk to the affected area twice a day and notice the brightening effects for yourself.
2: Apply Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is a powerful natural substance that is used in a variety of holistic skincare products. This ingredient contains aloin, an incredible active ingredient that can reduce hyperpigmentation over time. Aloe Vera can be incorporated into your skincare routine through various products, or even as a natural moisturiser.
3: Use sunscreen with an SPF30 or higher
Sunscreen is a vital aspect of any skincare routine and must be used daily to protect our skin from abrasive sun damage. By protecting ourselves from UV rays, we are less likely to develop dark spots or notice the visible signs of aging. Therefore, sunscreen can help us achieve a clearer and more uniform complexion.
4: Use a product that contains retinol
Retinol has developed a reputation for being an effective treatment for aging skin, but it is also useful in treating hyperpigmentation issues. Retinol helps to encourage increased collagen production, allowing more youthful and flawless skin to be produced. Thus, this ingredient is perfect for creating better looking skin.
5: Eat foods rich in Vitamin C
When treating any skin condition it is important to treat the compliant from the inside out. Therefore, by adding more Vitamin C into your diet with foods such as citrus fruit and potatoes, your skin will be better able to neutralise free radicals and tackle photosensitivity issues.
6: Apply Apple Cider Vinegar
Many people despise the taste of Apple Cider Vinegar and vow to never touch it again. Luckily, when treating hyperpigmentation, Apple Cider Vinegar can be applied topically to the affected areas. This product contains acetic acid, which has shown to lighten pigmentation in various studies.
7: Apply Green Tea Extract to the affected areas
Green Tea Extract has been a vital ingredient in many skincare products for generations, due to its powerful antioxidant properties. These antioxidants provide a powerful lightening agent to help fade the appearance of dark spots. Green Tea Extract can be purchased directly, so there is no need to waste a green tea bag.
8: Incorporate more tomato paste into your cooking
A British study recorded that those who consume high amounts of tomato paste within their diet, were less vulnerable to hyperpigmentation. This is because tomato paste is high in lycopene, which can help protect the skin from both the long-term and short-term effects of photo damage.
9: Apply red onion to the skin
Developing research suggests that the dried outer skin of red onions, can have a lightening affect on stubborn dark spots. In fact, red onion extract, also known as Allium Cepa, is found in a variety of high-end skincare products.
10: Apply a Masoor Dal face mask
Masoor dal, also referred to as red lentils, are rich in antioxidants, which help to lighten dark spots upon your complexion. Masoor dal face masks are a popular treatment and can be used frequently to ensure a bright and balanced complexion.
What is the most effective treatment for hyperpigmentation?
At Dermoi! we offer an eclectic range of facial treatments, all aiming to treat a variety of skin conditions from the comfort of your own home. If you are looking to undergo a facial treatment as a way to treat hyperpigmentation, we recommend the ‘Osmosis Brightening Pigmentation Facial Treatment’. This facial uses a collection of Osmosis Skincare’s dermatological-grade products to break up the melanin found in dark spots. Moreover, this treatment works to build a healthier foundation for the skin, helping to prevent future forms of hyperpigmentation from occurring. The ‘Osmosis Brightening Pigmentation Facial Treatment’ is available on the Dermoi! website for just £95.00.
How long do hyperpigmentation marks take to disappear?
Certain forms of hyperpigmentation can take around 3-24 months to fade completely. In very serious cases, hyperpigmentation can be permanent. Therefore, it is recommended that you visit a medical professional if you do not notice an improvement in your skin after numerous months.
Hyperpigmentation can arise in many forms, from small freckles, to larger darker spots. Although they are fairly common and reasonably harmless, they can still cause a great amount of dismay for many people. If you feel as if dark spots are knocking your self-confidence, why not try some of the treatments recommended in this article and finally achieve a more balanced complexion?
Author: Melody Day